With ten provinces, Canada makes the world's second-largest country by total area. This brings forth the fact that, Canada has six primary time zones. In majority of the areas of Canada, Daylight Saving Time (DST) begins at 2:00 a.m. local time on the second Sunday in the month of March. Whereas, on the first Sunday of November, areas of Daylight saving time turn the clocks one year ahead. We present a brief insight into all the six time zones prevailing in Canada.
In case you're wondering what is DST, it is a seasonal time change measure where clocks are set ahead of standard time during part of the year, usually by 1 hour. As DST starts, the Sun rises and sets later, on the clock, than the day before. Today, about 40% of countries worldwide use it to make better use of daylight and to conserve energy.
Six Different Time Zones of Canada
1. Newfound land Time Zone: It refers to a geographic region that keeps subtracting time by three and a half hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) during standard time, which ultimately results in subtracting two and a half hours during daylight saving time. It is seen in the most easterly province of Canada, such as Newfoundland and Labrador.
2. Atlantic Time Zone: It refers to a geographical region that keeps subtracting standard time by four hours from the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). During a few parts of the year some areas observe daylight saving time by subtracting only three hours. The provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and some areas of Quebec have Atlantic Time Zone.
3. Eastern Time Zone: Coral Harbour and Toronto observe Eastern Time Zone which is advanced to 3:00 a.m, leaving behind a gap of one-hour. On the first Sunday in the month of November, at 2:00 a.m. the clocks are moved back to 1:00 a.m. Eastern Time Zone.
4. Central Time Zone: The Central Standard Time Zone operates six hours behind the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Major cities like Calgary and Edmonton observe the Central Time Zone.
5. Mountain Time Zone: The Mountain Time Zone observes a subtraction of seven hours from the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), during the shortest days of autumn and winter. Whereas, by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time in the spring, summer, and early autumn. The provinces that are a part of the Mountain Time Zone are Alberta, Kitikmeot region of Nunavut, and portions of south eastern and north eastern British Columbia. 6. Pacific Time Zone: The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time. The standard time operating in this zone is based on the mean solar time of the 120th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory. Vancouver observes Pacific Time Zone.